Places to visit in amritsar
Amritsar– also known as Rāmdāspur and Ambarsar, (city in north-western part in India) has its administrative headquarters located in the Majha region of the state of Punjab. Amritsar is the largest cities of Punjab state.
It is near Pakistan, with the Wagha Border being only 28 km away. The nearest city is Lahore, located 50 km to the west.
Origin of the city
The city origin lies in the village of Tung, and was named after the lake founded by the fourth sikh guru ram das in 1574 on land bought by him from the owners of the village of Tung. Earlier, Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultanwind. It could not be completed before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das built his residence and moved to this place. At that time, it was known as Guru Da Chakk. (Later, it came to be known as Chakk Ram Das.)
Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Amritsar city.
VARIOUS ATTRACTION POINTS OF THE CITY
- The legendary Golden Temple is actually just a small part of this huge gurdwara complex, known to Sikhs as Harmandir Sahib (or Darbar Sahib).
- the gleaming central shrine is surrounded by sarover – the Amrit Sarovar , from which Amritsar takes its name, excavated by the fourth guru Ram Das in 1577. Ringed by a marble walkway, the amrit sarovar is said to have healing powers, and pilgrims come from across the world to bathe in the sacred waters.
- the Golden Temple itself is a mesmerising blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles, with an elegant marble lower level adorned with flower and animal motifs in pietra dura work. Above this is seen gold panels, and by a dome gilded with 750kg of gold. The Guru Granth Sahib is installed in the temple every morning and returned at night to the Akal Takhat , the temporal seat of the Khalsa brotherhood.
- More shrines and monuments can be seen around the edge of the compound.
This place has the history of brutal accident where 1500 Indians killed or wounded when a British officer ordered his soldiers to shoot on unarmed protesters in 1919. Some of the bullet holes are still visible in the walls, as is the well into which hundreds desperately leapt to avoid the bullets.
There’s an eternal (24-hour) flame of remembrance, an exhibition telling the stories of victims, and a Matryrs’ Gallery, with portraits of Independence heroes.
Guru ka langar
At the southeast end of the compound is the Guru-Ka-Langar, an enormous dining room where an estimated 60,000 to 80,000 pilgrims a day come to eat after praying at the Golden Temple. There’s no charge to eat here, it’s a humbling demonstration of the Sikh principle of hospitality.
Maharaja ranjit singh panorma
Located in the northwest corner of Ram Bagh, this museum is dedicated to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ‘Lion of Punjab’ (1780–1839), who founded the Sikh empire. This place depicts the maharaja’s greatest battles, complete with booming battle cries and other sound effects.
Credited with fertility-improving powers, this fascinating, labyrinthine Hindu temple commemorates the bespectacled 20th-century female saint Lal Devi. From the main hall, a narrow series of stairways and passages winds past mirrored mosaics, fairground-style carvings, and untold deity statues to a semi-submerged mock-up of the Vasihno Devi cave temple.
Baba atal tower
It was constructed in 1784 to commemorate Atal Rai, the son of sixth Sikh guru Har Gobind, who according to legend revived a playmate from the dead, then gave his own life as penance for interfering in god’s designs. The nine storeys each represent one year of Atal’s short life.
Sri Durgiana temple
Dedicated to the goddess Durga, this 16th-century temple. it’s often called the Silver Temple because of its exquisitely engraved silver doors. Soothing bhajans (devotional songs) are sung here just after the temple opens and just before it closes.
Ram Tirath temple
Around 13km west of Amritsar, it’s in the vicinity of this Hindu temple that Valmiki is believed to have worked on the Ramayana. It’s also said to be the area where Lord Rama’s two sons, Luv and Kush, were born.
This vast, sprawling castle of a college was founded in 1890 to educate the cream of Punjabi society; it’s a glorious example of the Indo-Saracenic style.
In the main entrance clock tower of the Golden temple, the Sikh Museum vividly shows the grisly history of those Sikhs martyred by the Mughals, the British and Mrs Gandhi.